Dr. Werner Nohl · landscape architect · honorary professor (Technical University of Munich)

Nature friendly recreation and landscape aesthetics

Research project of the Bayerische Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten in München (Bavarian Ministry of Nutrition, Agriculture, and Forests in Munich/Germany)

If landscape is not to get lost its reputation as a peculiar place, if the fate of „none-place“ is to be spared to it, then planning devices must be developed, which neither will neglect the current structural change in agriculture nor the growing recreation pressure caused by the still expanding urbanized areas. Within this frame of starting conditions the available manual with its practice-oriented solutions wants to initiate processes of fostering rural areas as places of nature-friendly recreation and of improving the living conditions of people in rural areas. To achieve these goals the aesthetic qualification of the landscape in agriculturally weak areas is considered as a crucial point, which implies the promotion and, if necessary, the redefinition of regional identity. 


  • Part I: problems; problem solving approaches; planning priciples
  • Part II: target groups of nature friendly recreation and their needs; farmers as suppliers of nature friendly recreation; accompanying sources of income for farmers
  • Part III: demands of nature friendly recreation on various infrastructural facilities in the landscape;  possibilities to improve the
  • Part IV: the role of landscape aesthetics in nature friendly recreation; landscape aesthetical foundations; how to deal with aesthetic damages in the landscape
  • Part V: scenic qualities of various landscapes; their aesthetic endangerment; aesthetical improvement measures
  • Part VI: planning approaches for the development of nature friendly recreation; taking account of landscape aesthetics in the planning process; planning instruments for implementing nature friendly recreation under due regard to landscape aesthetics; planning realization within the procedure of reallocation of farmland   


The results of the project are gathered in the following publication:


Hoisl, R.; Nohl, W. & P. Engelhardt (2000): Nature Friendly Recreation and Landscape Aesthetics – Manual (Naturbezogene Erholung und Landschaftsbild – Handbuch). KTBL-Schrift 389, 307 pages. Landwirtschaftsverlag Münster

As the book is written in German, please, refer to the German language site (use link below).

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